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un_shall_adopt_a_one_health_approach_integrating_veterinary_and_environmental_science_to_mitigate_pandemics [2019/06/14 11:39]
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un_shall_adopt_a_one_health_approach_integrating_veterinary_and_environmental_science_to_mitigate_pandemics [2019/06/22 06:07] (current)
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 Microbes are contributing to climate change. Microbes in manure create methane and nitrous oxide, greenhouse gasses more potent than carbon dioxide. In addition, cattle, buffalo, goats, and sheep digest their feed in their rumens, their digestive tracts, in which bacteria decompose and ferment feedstuff, producing methane as a by-product. Globally, livestock produce about 14.5 percent of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.(([[http://​www.fao.org/​news/​story/​en/​item/​197623/​icode/​]])) Microbes are contributing to climate change. Microbes in manure create methane and nitrous oxide, greenhouse gasses more potent than carbon dioxide. In addition, cattle, buffalo, goats, and sheep digest their feed in their rumens, their digestive tracts, in which bacteria decompose and ferment feedstuff, producing methane as a by-product. Globally, livestock produce about 14.5 percent of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.(([[http://​www.fao.org/​news/​story/​en/​item/​197623/​icode/​]]))
  
-Agriculture is the foundation of civilization. It is in the unique position of contributing to climate change and being threatened by it. Without agriculture and the food security it provides, civil society breaks down. For the past 10,000 years, during the geological Holocene era, the planet’s climate has been remarkable ​stable and mild, with the exception of the Little Ice Age, during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, during which the planet’s climate cooled, resulting in crop failures, famines, and wars.(([[https://​www.amazon.com/​Natures-Mutiny-Seventeenth-Century-Transformed/​dp/​163149404X]])) According to Philipp Blom, author of Nature’s Mutiny, witch trials and murders increased after severe weather and crop losses. Somebody had to be blamed for the divine punishment of famine; usually it was poor, elderly women. Now, in contrast to the Little Ice Age, the planet’s climate is warming and deviating above the Holocene baseline, threatening agriculture and food security through heat, drought, and severe storms. The impact of climate change on agriculture is thought to have contributed to the conflict in the Middle East and mass migration.(([[http://​www.pbs.org/​wnet/​peril-and-promise/​2019/​02/​op-ed-conflict-mass-migration/​]])) In essence, climate change means change from the Holocene baseline. Humanity'​s goal must be to keep the planet'​s climate as close to the Holocene baseline as possible to ensure the continuation of agriculture,​ food security, and civilization. ​+Agriculture is the foundation of civilization. It is in the unique position of contributing to climate change and being threatened by it. Without agriculture and the food security it provides, civil society breaks down. For the past 10,000 years, during the geological Holocene era, the planet’s climate has been remarkably ​stable and mild, with the exception of the Little Ice Age, during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, during which the planet’s climate cooled, resulting in crop failures, famines, and wars.(([[https://​www.amazon.com/​Natures-Mutiny-Seventeenth-Century-Transformed/​dp/​163149404X]])) According to Philipp Blom, author of Nature’s Mutiny, witch trials and murders increased after severe weather and crop losses. Somebody had to be blamed for the divine punishment of famine; usually it was poor, elderly women. Now, in contrast to the Little Ice Age, the planet’s climate is warming and deviating above the Holocene baseline, threatening agriculture and food security through heat, drought, and severe storms. The impact of climate change on agriculture is thought to have contributed to the conflict in the Middle East and mass migration.(([[http://​www.pbs.org/​wnet/​peril-and-promise/​2019/​02/​op-ed-conflict-mass-migration/​]])) In essence, climate change means change from the Holocene baseline. Humanity'​s goal must be to keep the planet'​s climate as close to the Holocene baseline as possible to ensure the continuation of agriculture,​ food security, and civilization. ​
  
 Sustaining civilization requires recognizing the interconnectedness between global human and animal health, agriculture,​ the environment,​ and climate. One Health provides an important framework to identify and address these interconnections. We live in a microbial world. Our health relies on microbes, but they can also make us, our environment,​ and atmosphere sick.  To save civilization,​ we must embrace a One Health approach to address the global challenges of the 21st century and beyond. ​ Sustaining civilization requires recognizing the interconnectedness between global human and animal health, agriculture,​ the environment,​ and climate. One Health provides an important framework to identify and address these interconnections. We live in a microbial world. Our health relies on microbes, but they can also make us, our environment,​ and atmosphere sick.  To save civilization,​ we must embrace a One Health approach to address the global challenges of the 21st century and beyond. ​
  
  
un_shall_adopt_a_one_health_approach_integrating_veterinary_and_environmental_science_to_mitigate_pandemics.txt · Last modified: 2019/06/22 06:07 by 99.238.240.127