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all_states_shall_reduce_their_militaries_and_not_plan_war_for_national_security [2019/06/17 20:19]
99.238.240.127
all_states_shall_reduce_their_militaries_and_not_plan_war_for_national_security [2019/06/17 20:35]
99.238.240.127
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 That is no longer the situation. We are all stakeholders,​ but now our interests are located all over the world, beyond the influence of our military or even our nation’s consulates and embassies. ​ That is no longer the situation. We are all stakeholders,​ but now our interests are located all over the world, beyond the influence of our military or even our nation’s consulates and embassies. ​
  
-Globalization has wrecked the Westphalian system for organizing the world. Not only do our friendships extend worldwide, but our physical security and health are determined by foreigners—the emitters of greenhouse gases; the destroyers of rainforests;​ the airplane passengers carrying new viruses; the politicians imposing tariffs on a product we had planned to export to their country; the bankers in nations where our swindled tax money is laundered. Our country’s military cannot protect us from such risks. Armies and sovereign states can control territory, but not even Donald Trump can reverse this new situation. ​+Globalization has wrecked the Westphalian system for organizing the world. Not only do our friendships extend worldwide, but our physical security and health are determined by foreigners—the emitters of greenhouse gases; the destroyers of rainforests;​ the airplane passengers carrying new viruses; the politicians imposing tariffs on a product we had planned to export to their country; the bankers in nations where our swindled tax money is laundered; the tossers of plastic into the ocean because poor countries have no waste management systems. Our country’s military cannot protect us from such risks. Armies and sovereign states can control territory, but not even Donald Trump can reverse this new situation. ​
  
 With our material interests extending beyond our borders, so should our political influence, though at present few global institutions provide much democratic accountability. This must change before any state can be expected to reduce its military forces and spend the savings on fixing ​ the real sources of insecurity. ​ With our material interests extending beyond our borders, so should our political influence, though at present few global institutions provide much democratic accountability. This must change before any state can be expected to reduce its military forces and spend the savings on fixing ​ the real sources of insecurity. ​
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 If the UNEPS is to be trusted more than, say, joining NATO or SEATO, it must be under the command of an organization that truly implements international laws impartially. ​ It can only be authorized by the U.N. Security Council, which today is far from impartial. Much more needs to be done to enhance the credibility of the U.N.  The Permanent Five’s veto power undermines the world’s confidence in the whole institution. The Security Council needs to be made more accountable to the whole of humankind, as also does the entire U.N. — probably by adding a parliamentary assembly directly elected by the citizens of all member states. Such changes can be attained only if the public demands it, reversing the current worldwide drift toward authoritarianism and nationalism. If the UNEPS is to be trusted more than, say, joining NATO or SEATO, it must be under the command of an organization that truly implements international laws impartially. ​ It can only be authorized by the U.N. Security Council, which today is far from impartial. Much more needs to be done to enhance the credibility of the U.N.  The Permanent Five’s veto power undermines the world’s confidence in the whole institution. The Security Council needs to be made more accountable to the whole of humankind, as also does the entire U.N. — probably by adding a parliamentary assembly directly elected by the citizens of all member states. Such changes can be attained only if the public demands it, reversing the current worldwide drift toward authoritarianism and nationalism.
  
-Finally, it is important to recognize that this plank — indeed, the whole Platform for Survival — represents one perspective that has its own limitations. This is the perspective of liberal democracy: the assumption that the best way of protecting human security is to improve our political, economic, and legal institutions. ​ But this essay should end by acknowledging that even excellent human institutions can go wrong, and often with tragic results. Democratic elections, for example, bring to power politicians who make terrible decisions that harm people and require change. Nothing in these planks offers remedy for such situations. ​+Finally, it is important to recognize that this plank — indeed, the whole Platform for Survival — represents one perspective that has its own limitations. This is the perspective of liberal democracy: the assumption that the best way of protecting human security is to improve our political, economic, and legal institutions. ​ But this essay should end by acknowledging that even excellent human institutions can go wrong, and often with tragic results. Democratic elections, for example, ​sometimes ​bring to power politicians who make terrible decisions that harm people and require change. Nothing in these planks offers remedy for such situations. ​
  
 But when human beings need to protect themselves from their own governments,​ they often invent ways of defending their rights. The Platform for Survival should explicitly recognize the importance of such campaigns of civil resistance. Social change is inexorable, and founding governments never seem never to anticipate the need for their own overthrow. ​ But when human beings need to protect themselves from their own governments,​ they often invent ways of defending their rights. The Platform for Survival should explicitly recognize the importance of such campaigns of civil resistance. Social change is inexorable, and founding governments never seem never to anticipate the need for their own overthrow. ​
  
 Historically,​ nonviolent struggle has been the main (and always is the best) alternative to war. Fortunately,​ as Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan have shown, campaigns of nonviolent resistance have been more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts in achieving their stated goals. Moreover, civil resistance ushers in more durable and internally peaceful democracies,​ which are less likely to regress into civil war.((Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan, //Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Action//. Columbia University Press, 2012.)) Thus, our Platform for Survival should be understood to include one extra, invisible plank: an endorsement of nonviolent opposition for those times in the future when the other planks turn out to require change. Historically,​ nonviolent struggle has been the main (and always is the best) alternative to war. Fortunately,​ as Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan have shown, campaigns of nonviolent resistance have been more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts in achieving their stated goals. Moreover, civil resistance ushers in more durable and internally peaceful democracies,​ which are less likely to regress into civil war.((Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan, //Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Action//. Columbia University Press, 2012.)) Thus, our Platform for Survival should be understood to include one extra, invisible plank: an endorsement of nonviolent opposition for those times in the future when the other planks turn out to require change.
all_states_shall_reduce_their_militaries_and_not_plan_war_for_national_security.txt · Last modified: 2019/06/17 20:35 by 99.238.240.127